Cases on Medical Ethics - Markkula Center for Applied Ethics


medical law and ethics case studies

Single-procedure interventions with minimal follow-up and clear quality-of-life gain are well suited for surgical mission trips. But not all risks and benefits are easily assessed. School of Law. Centers of Distinction. Cases on Medical Ethics ; Case studies on clinical ethics issues and patient care issues, such as influenza vaccine shortage, long-distance cancer treatment, and conscientious. Bioethics Resources Sections Bioethics Resources. Jan 28,  · Stem cell research is extremely controversial for many in the medical field because of the conflict of two very separate beliefs. History doesn’t only repeat itself, but is also serves as a precedent especially when legal cases are concerned. These five historical medical ethics cases continue to impact the legal and medical field. ReferencesAuthor:

Cases in Medical Ethics: Student-Led Discussions - Markkula Center for Applied Ethics

A comatose, ventilator-dependent, car accident victim lies in an intensive care unit while her husband and her parents discuss her future quality of life and argue about what type of care she would have wanted.

This scenario may initially come to mind when the average person hears the term medical ethics. However, the concept of medical ethics is much more common in everyday practice than a dramatic ICU clash is.

The discipline of ethics often moves quietly through physician-patient interactions. For example, a year-old male patient comes to a dermatologist with severe acne. He has had the condition since the age of 14, and he is still experiencing persistent pimples, pustules and inflamed cysts on his face and back.

In addition to being a clinical interaction, this is an ethical interaction. When a patient requested help, the dermatologist used her ability and training to benefit the patient and to do him no harm, fulfilling the ethical obligations accepted by doctors since the fifth century B, medical law and ethics case studies.

The concept of risk management in healthcare began in the s. Professionals in the field of risk management identify and analyze problems that have occurred in care, and they develop and implement techniques to improve experience by minimizing patient injuries. An unresolved moral issue medical law and ethics case studies patient care is a potential liability medical law and ethics case studies therefore, recommending ways to resolve clinical ethical issues is a means for reducing overall lawsuit risks, which is the fundamental goal of risk management.

Many physicians may be familiar with four basic principles of medical ethics developed by ethicists Beauchamp and Childress: 6. These four principles can clarify ethical problems and help resolve them, according to Beauchamp and Childress as well as other ethicists. The four principles are useful for identifying the core theme of an ethical issue, medical law and ethics case studies.

This interaction depicts the principle of beneficence — the physician is acting in the best interests of the patient. Medical law and ethics case studies the patient refuses to take the antibiotic and will only agree to non-medicinal therapies such as elevation, immobilization and saline dressings for her leg, the principle of autonomy becomes prominent in the interaction. Mahowald goes further by suggesting guidelines to help adapt the four principles to specific clinical ethics challenges.

She proposes: 9. If every medical encounter has an ethical component, then summaries of closed malpractice claims, which exhibit various interactions with patients, can serve as a source for ethical themes in healthcare.

It stands to reason, therefore, that physicians and other healthcare professionals can learn something more about ethics by studying a series of claims and contemplating their ethical features. The cases linked below focus on specific patient interactions in which it was vital for the involved physician to establish good communication to create a therapeutic alliance. Most cases occurred in ordinary ambulatory practice settings.

In case studies listed below, we look at a series of closed malpractice cases that all deal with common interactions physicians have with patients. These claims contain both ethical and risk management features. After presenting each case, we will discuss its ethical elements using the ideas of Beauchamp, Childress, Mahowald and other ethicists.

Then we will explore risk management facets of the case by giving medical liability risk management recommendations that may help lower the risk that patients will be injured, thus decreasing the likelihood that future medical liability lawsuits will be filed, medical law and ethics case studies.

Many of the physicians in the cases acted ethically and within the standard of care. This is usually true in medicine: physicians are generally used to wading through ethical tides, negotiating the ebbs and surges. Everyday ethics in internal medicine resident clinic: an opportunity to teach. Medical Education. Development of a risk management program. Zimmet SC. Ethics in patient care. Part II: moral principles. Principles of Biomedical Ethics. DiGiovanni LM.

Ethical issues in obstetrics. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. Mahowald MB. Bioethics and Women: Across the Life Span. Everyday ethics issues in the outpatient clinical practice of pediatric residents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Login Sign Up Now. Search Site. Contact Us : Knowledge Library. Recently Added. All rights reserved.


Ethics Case Studies


medical law and ethics case studies


The APS Ethics Case Studies are a series of case studies on ethical issues that can arise in the course of doing physics research. Many of the studies are accompanied by discussion. These case studies are intended to be an educational resource for researchers, mentors, and students. APS has. School of Law. Centers of Distinction. Cases on Medical Ethics ; Case studies on clinical ethics issues and patient care issues, such as influenza vaccine shortage, long-distance cancer treatment, and conscientious. Bioethics Resources Sections Bioethics Resources. International Relations Ethics Case Studies The Carnegie Council offers this series of 22 case studies for use in college and university classrooms. Each case presents and analyzes an historical example of an ethical dilemma in international affairs. Journalism. Society of Professional Journalists Ethics Case Studies. Military Ethics. Cases.